Using prefabrication materials, or “prefab”, dramatically speeds up construction time, lowers material costs and increases quality assurance.
Prefab refers to any part of prefab house which has been assembled offsite in a factory or manufacturing facility and transported in complete or sub-assemblies for the construction site. It is actually a broad term and refers to a variety of systems or processes, including structural, architectural and services elements.
Prefabaus – the peak body for Australia’s off-site construction industry – breaks up prefab into two main families, 2D prefab and 3D prefab. They can be used together with one another, independently or with traditional construction methods.
2D prefab is composed of pre-cut, pre-sized, pre-moulded or pre-shaped components which are assembled or attached to steel workshop. They generally arrive as flat-packed panels or non-volumetric systems, ready for assembly. They could constitute the building envelope, stair cores, internal load bearing walls or lighter partitions. They could be 98dexppky or closed panel systems, precast concrete panels or another panel types. 2D prefab is simpler to move, lends itself to mass customisation and possesses infinite construction options, coupled with speed of assembly.
3D prefab systems are three-dimensional structural units that are combined at site along with other units or systems, or might comprise a full small building. They include pods, which are generally not structural modules, including bathroom or kitchen pods. These are a fast approach to build, because they can be manufactured concurrent with site preparation, and can arrive on-site almost complete. 3D prefab systems could be joined together to create larger spaces and are generally increasingly demonstrating remarkable ability to go light steel villa. The elements of 3D prefab might be structural elements, architectural elements or services elements, or they could be a hybrid of those.